Monetary Plants

Drop Down MenusCSS Drop Down MenuPure CSS Dropdown Menu

29 March 2019

MSME REGISTRATION KYA HAI AUR ONLINE APPLY KAISE KARE

MSME REGISTRATION KYA HAI AUR ONLINE APPLY KAISE KARE


Sources Udyogaadhar.gov.in

UDYOGAADHAR  REGISTRATION/CERTIFICATE

MSME Ka Full Form Kya Hai?

National Portal for Registration of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise (MSME).

MSME Registration Kya Hai?

Agar aap India me koi bhi business ya koi bhi company smoothly chalana chahte ho to apko MSME registration jarur karna chahiye kyuki iske jariye aap State aur Central Government jo bhi subidha businessman ke liye provide karte aapko bhi milenge chahe aap koi bhi business kare service sector me ya manufacturing sector me. Agar aap apni business me koi bhi problem face karte hai aapko help bhi karte hai MSMED Organisation issliye MSME registration ya Aadhar Udyog me registration karna jaruri hai. Aap online bhi MSME registration ke liye apply kar sakte ho.

MSME Registration Jaruri Kyu Hai?

MSMED Organization ko 16 June 2006 me Indian Government ki taraf se businessman ko support ya help karne ke liye banaya gaya hai. Iss organization ke jariye har chote-bade businessman to barawa diya jata hai business karne ke liye aur unko har taraf se madat diya jata hai apni business ko badane ke liye bank se loan diya jata hai ya dusri guidelines bhi provide kiya jata hai business ke liye aur har problem ko solve kiya jata hai.

Iss organization ke through businessman ko encourage kiya jata hai business karne ke liye kyuki India ko financially age badane ke liye businessman ka bhi bahut bada role hota hai. Issliye Indian Government small industry ko badane ke liye aur ense jure logo ki help karne ke liye iss organization ka gathhan kiya aur dhire dhire log judte gaye iss orginisation se. At present India me lagbhag 2.5 millions log iss organization se jude huye hai aur India ki "Make In India" movement ko age bada rahe hai.

Iss portal se koi bhi apni enterprise ya company ki registration kara sakta hai without any charges.

MSME registration bahut hi asani se ho jata hai online apply karne se. Agar aap ekbar registered ho jate hai to aap bahut hi assani se Government ki taraf di janewali subidha ka labh uthha sakte ho aur apni business me investment ke liye bank se loan bhi le sakte ho. Issliye apni business ko smoothly chalane aur grow karne ke liye MSME registration karana bahut jaruri hai.

MSME under me kon kon business ya enterprises ko rakha gaya hai?
  • Agricultural products jaise ki seeds, fertilizer.
  • Food processing products.
  • Textile or garments.
  • Sports products.
  • Electronic, electric, engineering products.
  • Chemical and pharmaceutical, medicine.
  • Medical, equipment.
  • Meat products.
  • Plastic products.
  • Software and computer accessories.

Category of MSME Certificate/Registration

MSME Registration process ko 2 category me rakha gaya hai jaise ki

1. Manufacturing: Tobacco products, medical equipment, Printing, electricity producing, etc.
2. Services: Hospital, Restaurants, Publishing, Hotels, Education, software service and training etc.

MSME registration ko business me ki gayi investment ki gayi amount ke hisab subcategory me rakha gaya hai matlab business ya enterprise me kitni amount investment ki gayi hai machinery aur dusri chijo me uske hisab se enko separate kiya gaya hai aur har businessman ko us hisab se registration ya certificate diya jata hai aur apply bhi usi category se hisab se karna padta hai.


MSME registration ke liye subcategory ko business me ki gayi investment ke hisab se ki gayi hai jaise machinery, plant, other expensive etc.

Micro Enterprise: Manufacturing sector me agar apki business ya enterprise me investment ki gayi amount 25 lakh se niche hai to aap iss category me registration ya license le sakte ho.

Service sector me investment ki gayi 10 lakh se niche hai to apko iss category ke registration karna padega. Matlab apki total investment 25 lakh ke bhitor honi chahiye.

Small Enterprise: Manufacturing sector me agar apki business ya enterprise me investment ki gayi amount 25 lakh se upper aur 5 Crore se niche hai to aap iss category me registration ya license le sakte ho.

Service sector me investment ki gayi amount 10 lakh ke upper aur 3 Crore se niche hai to apko iss category ke registration kar sakte ho. Matlab apki total investment 5 crore ke bhitor honi chahiye.

Medium Enterprise: Manufacturing sector me agar apki enterprise ya business me investment ki gayi amount 5 crore se upper aur 10 Crore se niche hai to aap iss category me registration ya license le sakte ho.

Service sector me investment ki gayi amount 2 Crore ke upper aur 5 Crore tak hai to apko iss category ke registration kar sakte ho. Matlab apki total investment 10 crore ke bhitor honi chahiye.


Sources Google

MSME Registration/Certificate Ke Liye Online Kaise Apply Kare?

Sabse pahle udyogaadhaar.gov.in joki MSME ka online web portal hai jake log in kare.

Phir aap apna Name, Aadhar number put kare to apko ek OTP ayenge apke mobile number par agar apka mobile number Aadhar se link hai to (UIDAI). Agar nahi hai to niche niche diye gaye fields ko filled karke application form download kare NIC code ya Category ke hisab se. Sab field ko filled karne ke bad submit karne se pahle capta jarur bhare phir apke email address me ek OTP ayenge usko filled karne se apka application complete ho jayega aur apko phir wait karna hai approval ke liye ya certificate ke liye. Apply karne se pahle sab documents taiyar rakhe scan copy karke.  Phir apko payment karni padegi License ke Category ke hisab se payment charges hoti hai. Phir apko 30 din ke ander apko registration/Certificate mil jayegi.

REQUIRED FIELD TO FILL IN FOR MSME APPLICATION/REGISTRATION
  1. Name of the Applicant
  2. Mobile number.
  3. Email address.
  4. Aadhar Card.
  5. Social Category.
  6. Gender.
  7. Physical Status.
  8. Name of the Company or enterprise.
  9. Type of Organization.
  10. PAN Number.
  11. Location of Plant or address.
  12. Official Address.
  13. Date of commencement business.
  14. Previous Registration details (If any).
  15. Bank account number.
  16. IFSC Code.
  17. Main business activity of enterprise.
  18. NIC Code (National Industry Classification Code).
  19. Number of employees.
  20. Investment in plant and machinery.
Renewal/Compliance

MSME certificate agar apko mil jati hai to apko har sal renewal karne ki jarurat nahi hai khali ekbar apko registered hona padta hai.

Aap apne alag-alag business ke liye alag-alag registration kara sakte ho matlab aap ek se adhik bar registration kara sakte ho.

Benefits of MSME Registration/Certificate

Mere hisab se jo bhi business ko badana chahta hai unhe MSME License ya registration jarur kara leni chahiye isse apki business me koi problem hogi to help milegi aur aap smoothly apni business chala sakte ho. Isske jariye aap bhi "Make In India" movement me apna yogdan de sakte ho aur government ki taraf se di janewali subidha ka labh uthha sakte ho khaskar apni business ke liye loan.

Mere hisab se India ko financially strong banane ke liye aur khud ko financially strong banane ke liye aur sabke sath kadam-kadam se milakar chalne ke liye aur apni business ke liye bahut hi jaruri hai MSME Registration.



19 March 2019

CULTIVATION OF BUTTON MUSHROOMS WITH DOUBLE PROFIT

CULTIVATION OF BUTTON MUSHROOMS WITH DOUBLE PROFIT


Button Mushrooms (Agaricus Bisporus)
Mushrooms me Button mushrooms ki demand bahut hi jyada hai dusri mushrooms ki tulna me puri duniya me. Button mushrooms dikhne me bahut hi achhi hoti hai aur fleshy bhi jyada hai dusri mushrooms ki tulna me issliye eski demand bahut jyada hai.

Button mushrooms ki farming bahut hi asani se ki ja sakti hai. Koi bhi khali jagah me hut banakar ya room me aap eski infrastructure taiyar karke button mushrooms farming kar sakte ho.


Button Mushroom Farming/Cultivation Stages


Mushrooms farming ke liye kuch khas steps ya stages hoti hai


Compost preparing.

Spawn-run.
Casing.
Cropping and harvesting.
Marketing.

How to grow or cultivate Button Mushrooms (Agaricus Bisporus)



Button Mushrooms

Button mushrooms ki farming ke 20 se 30 centigrade temperature jarurat padti hai. Sabse pahle button mushroom ke farming kaise hoti hai uske bare me jante jai. Button mushrooms ki India me jyada demand hai kyuki ye bahut hi fleshy hote hai aur asani se cultivate kiya ja sakti hai dusri season me bhi winter ke elaba. Pahle to mushrooms only seasonal crop thi lekin abhi button mushroom ki farming India me temperature control karke ki jati hai. Button mushrooms ki farming maximum har country me hoti hai isliye ye easily available mushroom hai.


Button mushrooms ki farming ke liye aapko jyada capital ki jarurat nahi padegi. Aap apni ghar me ya khali jagah me infrastructure taiyar karke ya hut banakar eski farming kar sakte ho. Button mushrooms farming 50% munafa hai agar aap dyan denge to jyada munafa bhi ho sakta hai.


Mushroom farming ke sabse important chij hai temperature. Agar apki area ki temperature ghatta ya badta hai to apko temperature maintain karna hoga. Button mushroom ke liye 20 se 30 centigrade temperature required hoti hai issliye winter season best rahti hai mushrooms farming ke liye. Agar aap invest jyada karke setup taiyar karte ho to har season me farming kar sakte ho.

Agar aap Spawn taiyar karna chahte ho to bahut kharcha ayenge aur proper guidance ya training ki jarurat padegi issliye sabse pahle ready made spawn se start karna chahiye. Mushrooms ki koi seed nahi hoti hai kyuki ye ek vegetative fungi hai hai ishliye artificially tarike se eski seed taiyar ki jati hai jise Spawn kahte hai. Spawn prepare karne ke liye ek laboratory ki jarurat padti hai. Mushrooms ke hi cell me se Spawn taiyar ki jati hai gehu (Wheat) ki dane me. Ye ek long process hai joki puri tarike se hygiene maintain karke lab me taiyar ki jati hai.  Ye bahut hi costly hota hai aur eske liye proper guidance ki jarurat padti hai. Spawn aapko koi nearest Mushroom Farm se mil jayenge ya aap online bhi kharid sakte ho. Lekin mere hisab se nearest farm se lena hi thik rahega. Spawn aapko 20 Rs se 70 Rs/Kg se mil jayenge.


Button mushroom farming ke liye aapko ye stages se gujarna padega jo ki 2 mahine ke hote hai.

Medium/Substrate/Composting.

Sterilization.
Spreading.
Spawning.
Casing.
Fruiting.

Infrastructure/Production Room: Sabse pahle infrastucture kaisi honi chahiye mushroom farming ke liye jante hai. Aapke pas koi khali room ho to aap mushroom farming kar sakte hai chahe koi bhi room ho concrete, cottage, ya hut.


Permanent infrastructure ke liye kuch machine install karni padti hai jaise ki.


Four Self contented AHU's (Air Handling Unit).

Boiler jiski capacity 150 kg steam generanation ho.
Steel racks in the growing room and iron grating in the tunnel.
Water pipe line and fitting.
Electric wiring.
Other equipment like thermometer, sprayers, forks, harvesting trays.

Production room ki size kuch iss tarah honi chahiye


Cropping room - 25 x 13 x 13 feet


Corridor - 52 x 6 x 13 feet

Composting Yard - 40 x 40 feet


Pasteurization Tunnel - 15 x 7 x 12 feet


Boiler room - 10 x 10 x 12 feet 


Packaging room - 15 x 10 x 12 feet

  
Composting: Compost taiyar karne ke liye medium ya substrate chahiye jisme fungus grow karenge. Button mushrooms ke liye wheat straw, paddy straw, anaj ke chilke ya bhusa use kar sakte ho. Lekin straw ekdam achhi quality ke honi chahiye matlab naya. Straw ko 1.5 se 2 inches ki size me cutting karna hai bhusa banane ke liye.

Button mushrooms ke Compost taiyar karne ke 3 methods ya process hote hai jaise ki,

Indoor Method: Indoor method sabse new tarika hai compost taiyar karne ke. Iss method me compost taiyar hone me 12 din lagti hai joki sabse fastest method hai compost taiyar karne ke. Iss process me Bunkers ka use hota hai.


Indoor method se compost taiyar karne ke liye chije lagti hai

Wheat straw - 1000 kg
Chicken Manure - 400 kg
Wheat Bran - 70 kg
Urea - 4.5 kg
Gypsum - 30 kg

Iss method ki steps kuch iss tarah hai

Phase I (Outdoor composting state)

Mixing straw + chicken manure with proper wetting and stacking
Break open the stack, add water and restack
add other ingredients and make a high aerobic stack
1 Turning
2 turning
3 turning and add gypsum
4 turning fill the tunnel
Filling day (Phase I over)

Phase II (Pasteurizing tunnel/Bunkers)

PPC 45-52 C
Kill at 59 C for 4-6 hours
POPC at 45-48 C
POPC over and cool the compost at 25 c


Phase II over and spawning

Long Term Method: Long term method me compost taiyar hone me lagbhag 28-30 days lagta hai. Iss method me aapko ye chize lagenge compost taiyar karne ke liye

Wheat straw or Paddy Straw - 300 kg
Wheat Bran - 15 kg
Can - 9 kg
Potash - 3 kg
Urea - 3 kg
Super phosphate - 3 kg
Gypsum - 20 kg

Iss method ki steps kuch iss tarah hoti hai,

Watering of the straw

Watering of the ingredients
Mixing straw + ingredients with maintain moisture up to 72-75%.
Pile formation
#1 Turning
#2 Turning
#3 Turning + added gypsum
#4, 5, 6, 7 Turning
Break open the Pile
Spawning if no ammonia
Added 1.5 L formaldehyde + 50 g of Bavistin + 40 L of water/ton compost
Cover with polythene for 48 hours
Remove the cover shake the compost and then spawn 

Mushrooms
Button Mushrooms

Short Term Method - Short term method ko log jyada apnate hai business karne ke liye. Iss method me II phase hote hai. First Phase 10-12 days ki hoti hai. Second Phase 7 days ki hoti hai. Short term method me ye chije lagti hai

Wheat straw - 1000 kg
Chicken Manure - 400 kg
Wheat Bran - 70 kg
Urea - 4.5 kg
Gypsum - 30 kg

Iss method ki steps kuch iss tarah hai

Phase I (Outdoor composting state)

Mixing straw + chicken manure with proper wetting and stacking
Break open the stack, add water and restack
add other ingredients and make a high aerobic stack
1st Turning
2 turning
3 turning and add gypsum
4 turning fill the tunnel
Filling day (Phase I over)

Phase II (Pasteurizing tunnel)

PPC 45-52 C
Kill at 59 C 4-6 hours
POPC at 45-48C
POPC over and cool the compost at 25 c

Phase II over and spawning


Spawning: Spawning ke liye hygiene ka maintain karna bahut hi jaruri hai issliye pahle spawning ke liye cemented floor ko formaldehyde liquid with 2% water ke sath milakar spray kar le spawning ke 24 ghante pahle phir 1 kg compost me 500 to 750 g spawn milakar 10 kg compost per polythene ke bags taiyar kare ya polythene ki bed taiyar kare production room me phir polythene ki bags ko paper ya plastic se cover kar de aur cropping room me rakh de. 12-13 din ke polythene ke bags ko chod de 23 C temperature me aur agar paper ke cover hai to unme pani ka spray karte rahe har din 1 bar. Plastic ke cover hone pani ki spray karne ki jarurat nahi padegi. 12-15 days me spawn run ho jayenge aur 20 lagenge fungus grow karne ke liye ya vegetative growing ke liye.

Casing:  Button mushroom farming ke ye sabse jaruri part hai. Casing ke bina mushroom grow nahi honge. Iss process me mushroom ki growing ke liye casing kiya jata hai. Casing ke liye 80% gai ka gobar jo ki 1.5 sal purana with 20% coco peat (old garden soil) use hota hai. Coco peat (Coir Pith) aapko nearest bade Mushroom farms ya online bhi manga sakte hai. Coco peat ki price 20 se 30 Rs/kg hai. Coco peat ko 24 ghante bhigone ke rakhne ke bad gobar mila kar casing soil taiyar kiya jata hai. Bags me aap upper me casing soil dal dijiye mushroom grow karne ke liye. Oyster mushroom farming eski jarurat nahi padti. Casing soil ki layer kam se kam 2 se 2.5 inches ki honi chahiye. Casing ke bad aapko daily water spray karte rahna hai. Casing ke liye 25 c temperature ke jarurat padti hai phir fruiting ke liye temperature ko down karna padta hai 15-17 c with RH 80% mycelium run hone ke liye.



Button Mushrooms Farm


Fruiting/Mycelium Running:  Fruiting ke dauran apko temperature thodi kam karni pedegi. Agar aap September me mushroom farming start karte ho to apki room ki temperature automatically kam ho jayegi lekin agar dusro mahine me lagange to aapko pani ka chirkao karke temperature ko control karna padega. Aap room ki walls ya floor ko wet karke room ki temperature ko controlled karna hai. Aap AC ka bhi use kar sakte ho. Iss process ke dauran fresh air ki jarurat hoti hai spawn ko. Ish stage me ki pani jarurat padti hai bags ko lekin direct bags me pani na dale spray karke pani dale humidity and temperature check karke. Bags ki temperature room ki temperature se jyada honi chahiye. Thermometer jarur rakhe temperature check karne ke liye.


Fruiting ke samay aapko moisture ya humidity ka bhi khyal rakhna hai. Aap humidifier ka istemal kar sakte ho aapko 75% se 80% humidity maintain karni hai iss dauran.


Marketing: 25 days ke bad apki mushroom puri tarah grow kar jayenge aur aap ise thodkar market me fresh bech sakte ho ya isse pani se dhokar pack karke wholesale me bech sakte ho. Ek bag se aap 3 bar mushroom thodkar bech sakte ho. Wholesale rate apko 250 se 300 Rs mil jayenge. Aap agar market me supply karenge ya bechenge to apko 350 se 450 Rs tak bhi rates mil sakti hai aur usse jyada bhi quality ke upper depend karti hai.

Aap apni mushrooms ko sukha ke ya dry karke ya powder banakar bhi bech sakte ho. Mushrooms fresh bhi bechi jati hai aur un-fresh bhi.

Mushroom farming bahut hi sensitive farming hai isme fungal infection aur bahut sare bimari ke bajah se mushroom farming me kabhi-kabhi mushroom ki grow thik se nahi hoti ya spawn mar jate hai issliye bahut hygiene maintain karke, temperature, humidity ka bhi dyan rakhke iski farming karni chahiye khas karke bina training ke nahi karni chahiye.