Monetary Plants

20 December 2018

RAS FISH FARMING (RECIRCULATING AQUACULTURE SYSTEM)


RAS FISH FARMING (RECIRCULATING AQUACULTURE SYSTEM)



RAS SYSTEM
RAS SYSTEM


RAS system bahut hi unique fish farming system hai puri duniya me. Iss system me karcha to bahut hai lekin production bhi jyada hai. Iss system me gande pani ko filter karke phir usiko circulate ya fish tank me dala jata hai. RAS system me pahle gande pani ko mechanical filter me phir use Bio filter, uske bad protein skimmer tank phir Carbon dioxide degasser, pH filter, UV filter se hote hue phir pani ko fish tank me bheja jata hai. Ek word me kahe to pani ka recycling hota hai.

RAS system Bio Filter bahut hi jaruri chij hai jisme lakho faidemand bacteria hote hai jo pani me ammonia gas to nitrate me convert kiyakar dete hai jisse fish ko khana aur jaruri chije thik se mile.

Iss system se aap har kism ke fish farming kar sakte ho. Iss system me aap sal me 3 bar fish farming kar sakte ho matlab har 4 mahine me apke fish ready ho jayenge market me bechne ke liye. 

RAS system me pani ki quality ko balancing kiya jata hai jaise ki pH value, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, chlorine, hydrogen ki levels ko pata karke aur ye sab elements ko balance kiya jata hai. Issme pani ko recyle kiya jata hai aur pani ko phir se tank me dala jata hai isse pani ki bachat hoti hai.

Issme bahut kam pani ki jarurat padti hai kyuki is process me pani ko recycle kiya jata hai. Aajkal sab jagah pani ki kami hai khaskar town me Issliye iss technology ki demand bad rahi hai. RAS system me apko kheti ki jamin barbad karne ki jarurat nahi hai aap jo jamin me kheti nahi kar sakte hai us jamin ya khali jagah ko use kar sakte hai.

RAS system me dusri system jaise Biofloc ya pond me fish farming ki tulna me bahut hi jyada kharcha hoti hai laghbhag 10,00000 se 1 crore tak aa sakti hai. Jitni tank aap laganyege utni jyada kharcha ayegi.


Pahle iss system se dusri Country me fish farming shuru hua tha lekin abhi India, Israel, Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangaladesh me bhi iss system se fish farming ki ja rahi hai.

India me khaskar Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala, Punjab, West Bengal, Odissa, Bihar me bhi RAS technology se fish farming ki ja rahi hai.  South Indian states sabse age hai RAS fish farming me.

RAS system me sabse jaruri part hai water culture ya test. Sabse pahle pH value kitni hai pata kar le. Phir acidity, Arsenic, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Carbon dioxide, Ammonia, Calcium, Chloride, Chlorine, Iron, Hydrogen, Lead, Mercury, Nitrate, Nitrite ki levels aur us pani me kaun si species ke fish comfortable rahega fish farming ke liye ye janna bahut jaruri hai. Aapko agar chemicals ke level maloom ho jayenge to aap usko balance bhi kar sakte ho apni hisab se.


Ye bhi pade aur jane

Fish farming with Biofloc Technology

Fish Farming Kaise Kare?


RAS TRAINING
Aap agar iss system se fish farming karna chahte ho to pahle iski COURSE YA TRAINING lekar hi iss business ko start kijiye nahi to aapko bahut sare muskilo ka samna ho sakta hai jaise fish ki disease ye bahut badi problem hoti hai fish farming me. Training me aapko sikhaya jayega ki aapko fish ki treatment kaise karni hai. Fish farming ki aur ek badi problem hai temperature up and down jisse fish farming me bahut hi jyada asar karta hai issliye training lena jaruri hai training me apko temperature control karne ke tarike sikhaye jayenge ya temperature control machine kaise kam karte hai sikhaye jayenge issliye training jarur kare. Training ke dauran aapko sab machine ya filters ki jankar di jayegi aur kaun si filter ki kya kam hai samjhaya jayega.


RAS SYSTEM
RAS SYSTEM

RAS SYSTEM EQUIPMENTS/FILTERS 
Setup ki liye iron frame aur tent ya tripal se tanki taiyar kiya jata hai ya plastic ya polymer ki tank ki use hoti hai. Cement tank me bhi ho sakta hai lekin Plastic ya polymer ki tank me hi kijiye ye behtar hai fish farming ke liye. RAS system se indoor setup me hi fish farming thik hai.

RAS system me setup karne ke liye aapko ye chije lagengi jaise ki.

MECHANICAL FILTER: Iss filter me solid waste product ko alag kiya jata hai pani me se. Jaise ki fish ki potty, khana. 

ROTATING GUM FILTER: Iss filter ki madat se fish ki pani me se waste product ya kachra ko nikala jata hai. Mechanical filter se hote hue pani iss filter me ati hai filter hone ke liye.


BIO FILTER: Ye ek faidemand bacteria ka ghar ya tank hoti hai jisme ammonia gas ko nitrate me converted kar dete hai jisse ki machhli asani se pal sake. Is filter do tarah ke bacteria hote hydrophic bacteria aur chemotrophic bacteria. Iss filter bacteria ko bachane ke liye pani ki circulating hoti rahne chahiye nahi to bacteria mar jayenge issliye 24 jours power backup rahna jaruri hai. BIO Filter bahut hi jaruri equipment hai RAS system. Iss Bio filter me bacteria ko basane ke liye 6 week tak ki samay lagti hai issliye water circulating bahut hi jaruri hai. Issliye RAS system 24 hours power supply mandatory hai.

PROTEIN SKIMMER: Ye filter pani me bulbule banate hai aur ye filter pani me maujud chote-chote waste particles ko nikal deta hai.

OUTLET SYSTEM (DRAINAGE): Iss system pipe ke jariye polluted pani ko nikala jata hai.

CARBON DIOXIDE DE-GASSER: Iss process me ya filter me pani me dissolve CO2 gas to kam kiya jata hai.

UV FILTER: Iss filter me virus ya jo harmful bacteria ko khatm kiya jata hai ya mara jata hai jisse fish ko infection ya bimari se bachaya ja sake.

WATER TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER: Iss machine ke jariye pani ko temperature ko control kiya jata hai agar temperature kam ho to badaya jata agar temperature jyada ho to ghataya jata hai. Machhli ki species ke taur par bhi temperature control kiya jata ya season ke anusar.

OXYGEN INJECTION SYSTEM: Iss system ya machine se pani me oxygen ki matra control kiya jata hai. iss me apki fish ki species ke anusar pani me dissolve oxygen ki matra ko control kiya jata hai.

PH CONTROL SYSTEM (Alkalinity): Iss filter ya machine se pani me pH value ko balance kiya jata hai.

PUMP/PIPES: RAS system me ye pump water ko circulating aur nikalne me madat karta hai.

TANKS: Isme fish ko chora jata hai ya rakha jata palne ke liye. Tank ki capacity hamesha 20,000 L pani ki honi chahiye to accha rahega. 

RAS system Cement ki tanki use mat kijiye. Plastic ya polymer ki tanki thik rahti hai fish farming ke liye iss system me. 

Fish
Fish


RAS setup karne ke liye aap jis capacity ke tank lagayenge us hisab se kharcha hoga. RAS system ki setup up aap ko hamesha indoor (shade ke andar) me karna chahiye tab aap har tarah ke filter laga sakenge issliye 24-hours power supply jaruri hai khaskar Bio filter ke liye aur water circulating ke liye issliye power backup rakhana bhi ek jaruri chij hai. RAS system me kharcha bahut jyada hai.

RAS system 20000 L capacity ke tanki me aap 3:1 ke ratio se fish seed ya chara dal sakte ho. Aap fish species ke hisab se tanki me seeds (choti machhli) dale. Iss system se aap ek sal 3 bar fish farming kar sakte ho matlab har 4 mahine me aapke fish ready ho jayenge market me jane ke liye. RAS system me aap har tarah ke fish farming kar sakte ho jaise ki
  • Rohu.
  • Silver Carp.
  • Carp.
  • Catla.
  • Koi.
  • Tilapia.
  • Pangasius (Cat fish).
  • Shrimp.
  • Magur.
  • Shingi.
Fish farming ko badawa dene ke liye Government ki taraf se training di jati hai ya workshops chalaya jata hai. To agar aap ko interest hai to aap bhi training lekar RAS SYSTEM ke jariye fish farming karke iss business se achha kama sakte ho.

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