Monetary Plants

14 December 2018

FISH FARMING KAISE KARE

"FISH FARMING" KAISE KARE


Fish Farm
Fish Farm
INTRODUCTION
Fish Farming yani machhli palan kaise kare aaj iske bare me jante hai. India me fish ki demand bahut hi jyada hai. Fish khana Indians ko bahut pasand hai. Fish khana khali bhartiyo ko hi nahi puri duniya ke logo ko pasand hai. Asian Fish ki demand jyada hai duniya me. Asian country ke logo ke fish ek pasandita item hai khane ke liye.  Asian country me ye ek bahut hi demanding business hai. India me mithhe jal ki source bahut jyada hai jaise rivers, ponds, lakes, canals issliye India ki fish ki demand bahut jyada hai duniya me. Fish farming India me ek bahut hi popular business bante ja rahe hai kyuki India ki fish puri world famous hai. India ki weather bhi fish farming ke liye bahut suitable hai. Ab farmer bhi iss business me involved ho rahe hai. Dusri Asian Country jaise China, Philippine, Bangadesh, Indonesia, Pakistan, Japan jaise country me bhi fish farming ki jati hai. Abhi Indians bhi modern technology se fish farming kar rahe hai. Fish farming me profit bahut jyada hai. Iske chalte sabhi issme interest dikha rahe hai chahe woh farmer ho ya businessman. Issme ek hi bar invest karne se bahut sal tak kama sakte hai. Fish farming me lagbhag 50% se 60% tak profit hoti hai. Profit bahut jyada hai. India me khaskar Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala, Punjab, West Bengal, Odissa, Bihar, UP me sabse jyada fish farming ki jati hai.  Dusri state me bhi hoti hai. South me ek growing business hai.

Fish farming me aap koi bhi species ki fish farming kar sakte hai. India me khaskar niche diye gaye fish ki farming ki jati hai kyuki iski demand jyada hai aur ye bahut hi profitable species ke fish hai enki growth bahut jaldi hoti hai.


  • Rohu.
  • Silver Carp.
  • Carp.
  • Catla.
  • Koi.
  • Tilapia.
  • Pangasius (Cat fish).
  • Shrimp.
  • Magur.
  • Shingi.


Fish farming ki sabse khas bat hai ki aap ek sal me 3 se 4 bar fish farming kar sakte hai yani 3 se 4 mahine apke fish bechhne le liye ready ho jate hai. 

Aap fish ki chara (breeds) yani choti size ki fish bhi bech sakte hai yani 100-1000 mg tak ya to badi size ki 100 g se 1000 g tak ya usse upor size ki bhi farming kar sakte hai. Alag alag species ke fish ke liye alag alag size ki demand rahti hai market me.


Sabse pahle jante hai fish farming ke kitne tarike hai India me aur issme kharcha kitni lagegi.



Fish farming in a pond
Fish farming in a pond

Ye bhi pade aur jane

Fish Farming With RAS System


Fish Farming with RAS system


TYPES OF FISH FARMING
Fish farming ke ye 3 tarike sabse useful hai India me jaise ki
  1. Pond me ya talab me. 
  2. Biofloc Technology. (BFT). 
  3. RAS yani Recircularatory (Recirculating) Aquaculture System.
Fish farming me kitna kharcha hoga ye puri tarah technique aur aap kitni area me fish farming karna chahte hai iss pe depend karta hai.

Pond me fish farming me total 1 se 5 lakh tak kharcha aa sakta hai.
Backward me bhi aap 1-2 k ki lagat se aap pond taiyar kar sakte hai.
Biofloc system me 14 K per hectare.
RAS yani Recircularatory Aquaculture System me 10-15 K kharcha aa sakta hai (depend karta hai ki aap kitni tank me fish farming karte hai).

India me fish farming ke sabse purani tarika hai pond yani ki talab me machhli palan. Isme kharcha bhi kam hai aur jin farmer ke pas pond hai woh isme asani se fish farming kar sakte hai aur jinke pas nahi hai woh bhi lease me lekar machhli palan kar sakte hai. Humhari Government bhi abhi farmers ko Fish Farming ke liye encourage kar rahe hai aur Training bhi de rahe hai aur loan ki subidha bhi de rahi hai.

Agar aap iss tarike se fish farming karna chahte hai to sabse pahle 15 din ka course hota hai government ke taraf se ye karle le. Issme aap jo pahle se bani hui talab hai usme fish farming kar sakte hai. Isme aapko kam kharcha ayega lekin agar apke pas pond nahi hai to lease me bhi le sakte hai. Agar aap purani talab me Fish Farming karna chahte hai to pond ko pahle fertilize kar le.  Pond me fish farming karne ke liye aapko bahut sare chijo ka dyan rakhna hoga jaise ki,

POND MAKING Agar aap talab khodkar ya katkar fish farming karna chahte hai to niche likhe chizo ka dyan rakhe.

1. Sabse pahle aap us area ke Water Layer ka pata kar le. Agar aap kisi nearest water source jaise lake, river, dam, canal ke aaspas pond banaye to accha rahega kyuki sal me kam se kam aap apne pond ko natural tarike se pani dal (fill) sakte ho.

2. Water culture and soil culture.  Aap apni area ki mitti aur pani ka testing bhi kara le ki unme chemicals ya pH value kitni hai jaise ki Acidity, Arsenic, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Carbon dioxide, Ammonia, Calcium, Chloride, Chlorine, Iron, Hydrogen, Lead, Mercury, Nitrate, Nitrite ki levels aur us pani me kaun si species ke fish comfortable rahega fish farming ke liye ye janna bahut jaruri hai. Aapko agar chemicals ke level maloom ho jayenge to aap usko balance bhi kar sakte ho apni hisab se.
3. Pond ki size ya shape. Ye bahut hi jaruri chij hai aap ki pond ki size 0.5 hectare hone se achha rahega. Pond ki shape hamesha rectangular honi chahiye aur 2% dhalan honi chahiye one side. Fish ki size, species ke hisab se aap pond me fish dale. Kyuki jyada chota hone se aap ki production kam hogi. Aapko pond ke area hisab se fish kam dalni hogi aur unhe machhli ko ghumne phirne me bhi taklif hogi. Jyada bada pond hoga to usme aap ko feeding me problem hogi chara dalne me aur maintenance me jyada pareshani hogi.  Aapki fish jab taiyar ho jayenge tab fish nikalne ke jyada badi net ki jarurat hogi aur man power bhi jyada lagegi. India me aajkal man power ki kami hai. Jyada staff rakhenge to unko payment bhi jyada karna padega phir aapko munafa kam hogi.
4. Pond ki direction. Pond ki direction ka kyal aapko rakhna hai. pond ki direction hamesha east-west direction me length hona chahiye aur south-north direction me wide yani ki chaurai honi chahiye.
5. Pond ki Deep. Pond ki deep hamesha 6 feet ke aaspas honi chahiye. Fish ki category ke hisab me pani ka layer rakhe.
6. Pond me inlet aur outlet ki system honi chahiye kyuki garmi ke season me pani ki layer kam ho jati hai to pani dalna padega pond me kyuki achhi fish farming ke liye pani ka level maintain rakhna bahut hi jaruri chij hai.
7. Outlet ki system bhi honi chahiye taki rainy season me jab pani jyada ho ya pani dusit ho jaye tab pani ko nikala ja sake. Outlet system ki pipe me ek net jarur laga de kyuki pani nikalne ke samay aapki fish bhi bahar ja sakti hai.
8. Bridge ya mora banaye do pond ki bich me.
9. Temperature. Ye bahut hi khas chij hai apko jiski dyan rakhna hoga kyuki temperature upor niche hone se fish farming me bahut hi asar padta hai. Issliye aapko season ke hisab se hi fish dalni chahiye pond me. Winter season me fish bahut bimar padte hai. Aur garmi me inlet outlet system se aapko pani ki temperature maintain karna hoga. Pond me aap manually temperature control nahi kar sakte hai lekin dusri technique me aap kar sakte ho.

Fishing with net
Fishing with net

Talab ki charoaur saf safai rakhe taki fish ko khanewali medhak aur sap jaise jib dur rahe.

DISEASES OF FISH
Fish farming me sabse jo aham bat hai fish ki disease. Fish jaldi hi infected ho jate hai khaskar winter season me jaise ki ulcer, pet phulna (swelling of the stomach), Fungal infection ye bahut hi common bimari hai fish ke. Isske liye infected fish ko pond se nikalkar salt water treatment kare ya Salt, lime pani me dal de (dalte samay measurement ka dyan rakhe ki kitni pani me kitni lime ya salf dalna hai) ya antibiotics fish ki chara me milakar ya injection ke through inject kare.

FISH FEEDING
Fish farming me aap Fish Feed thik tarike se kare kyuki isime aapi fish ki growth depends karega. Aap feeding ke liye market se fish feed kharid sakte hai. Market me koi tarah ke fish feed milte hai. Aap apni fish species ke hisab se feed chune. Aap chara ke taur par grasses, legumes, leaves, seeds, earthworm, silkworm, termites, snails, water lettuce, water hyacinth, duckweed bhi use kar sakte hai ya intejam kar sakte hai. Ye sab natural chije fish bahut bhi pasand karte hai aur isse fish ki growth bhi jaldi hoti hai.

Fish Farming se 50% tak ki profit hoti hai issliye bahut demanding business hoti ja rahi hai.

Main apni next article me aapko BIOFLOC/RAS SYSTEM se kaise fish farming kare uski jankari dungi.

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