FISH FARMING WITH BIOFLOC TECHNOLOGY (BFT)

Biofloc System

FISH FARMING  WITH BIOFLOC TECHNOLOGY (BFT)


Biofloc system me pani ki quality ko balancing kiya jata hai usme carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, chlorine, hydrogen ki levels ko pata karke aur ye sab elements ko balance kiya jata hai. Issme pani ko recyle kiya jata hai aur pani ke andar maujud protein jaise elements ko balance kiya jata macchli palan ke liye.

Issme bahut kam pani ki jarurat padti hai dusri fish farming ki tariko ki tulna me. Issliye iss technology ki demand bad rahi hai.


Pahle iss system se dusri Asian Country me fish farming shuru hua tha lekin abhi India, Pakistan, Bangaladesh me bhi iss system ki demand bahut jyada hai dusri system ki tulna me. Iss system me kharcha bahut kam hai.



Dusri Asian Country jaise China, Philippine, Israel, Bangadesh, Indonesia, Japan jaise country me bhi fish farming ki jati hai. Abhi Indians bhi Biofloc jaise modern technology se fish farming kar rahe hai. Iss system se fish farming ki profit bahut jyada hai. Iske chalte sabhi issme interest dikha rahe hai chahe woh farmer ho ya businessman. Issme ek hi bar invest karne se bahut sal tak kama sakte hai. Fish farming me lagbhag 50% se 60% tak profit hoti hai. Profit bahut jyada hai. India me khaskar Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala, Punjab, West Bengal, Odissa, Bihar me bhi Biofloc technology se fish farming ki ja rahi hai.  South Indian states me Biofloc system ke jariye fish farming ki jati hai.

Iss system sabse unique chij yehi hai ki issme pani ki use bahut kam hai. Iss system me apko kheti ki jamin barbad karne ki jarurat nahi hai aap jo jamin me kheti nahi kar sakte hai us jamin ya khali jagah ko use kar sakte hai.

Iss system se per hectare Production 20 to 30 tones hoti hai joki ki bahut hi jyada production mana jata hai. 
Biofloc system me pani ki tanki me biofloc taiyar karke fish farming hoti hai. Iss system me dusri system jaise RAS ki tulna me bahut hi kam kharcha hoti hai. Issliye chote businessman ya farmers bhi iss tarike se fish farming asani se kar sakte hai. 

Biofloc means protein se bhadre huye microrich microorganism hai jisme bacteria, algae, protozoa, fecal products hote hai. Iss system me pani me maujud bacteria ya proteins se hi machhli to feed kiya jata hai.

Iss system me sabse jaruri part hai water culture ya test. Sabse pahle pH value kitni hai pata kar le. Phir acidity, Arsenic, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Carbon dioxide, Ammonia, Calcium, Chloride, Chlorine, Iron, Hydrogen, Lead, Mercury, Nitrate, Nitrite ki levels aur us pani me kaun si species ke fish comfortable rahega fish farming ke liye ye janna bahut jaruri hai. Aapko agar chemicals ke level maloom ho jayenge to aap usko balance bhi kar sakte ho apni hisab se.


Ye bhi pade aur jane


Fish Farming With RAS System

Fish Farming Kaise Kare?



BIOFLOC SYSTEM SE AAP YE SAB FISH FARMING KAR SAKTE HO

  • Koi.
  • Tilapia.
  • Pangasius (Cat fish).
  • Shrimp.
  • Magur.
  • Shingi.
  • Rohu.

BIOFLOC TRAINING

Aap agar iss system se fish farming karna chahte ho to pahle iski training le lijiye nahi to  aapko bahut sare muskilo ka samna ho sakta hai jaise fish ki disease ye bahut badi problem hoti hai fish farming me. training me aapko sikhaya jayega ki aap iss problem se kaise lad sakte hai. Fish farming ki aur ek badi problem hai temperature up and down jisse fish farming me bahut hi jyada asar karta hai issliye training lena jaruri hai training me apko temperature control karne ke tarike sikhaye jayenge ya temperature control machine kaise kam karte hai sikhaye jayenge issliye training jarur kare. Training ke dauran aapko floc kaise taiyar kare ye bhi sikhaye jayenge airway pipe (air blower), inlet, outlet kaise kare sab sikhaye jeyenge. 

BIOFLOC SETUP
Setup ki liye iron frame aur tent ya tripal se tanki taiyar kiya jata hai ya plastic ki tank ki use hoti hai. Cement ki tanki se plastic ki tanki thik rahti hai fish farming ke liye. Iss system tank me airway pipe dale jate hai. Ye airway pipe ((air blower) gandigi ko niche me jamne nahi dete hai. Iss setup me outlet aur inlet ki puri system honi chahiye. Iss system pani ko barbar change karne ki jarurat nahi hoti hai. Aap 20-30 din me thoda sa pani 10-20% nikal sakte hai. Biofloc system me aap 3 mahine ke bad bhi pani change kar sakte ho. Iss system me fish ki mal (fecal materials) ko bhi floc me convert kiya jata hai taki fish use bhi kha le aur pani saf rahe. Iss system me bich bich me aapko pani ko check karna padega ki usme Biofloc ki matra kitni hai aur calculate karke Biofloc dalna padega.


Pictures collected from Youtube
Pictures collected from Youtube

BIOFLOC KAISE TAIYAR KARE
Biofloc taiyar karne ke chuna ya lime, probiotic, rock salt, liquid gur se ek mishran taiyar karke pani me milaya jata hai. Agar aapki 10,0000 L capacity ki tanki hai to 5000 L pani ki tanki bharkar phir iss misran ko milakar 7 se 10 din tak chod de. Issme airway 
(air blower) ki choti choti pipe dali jati jisse ki niche ki pani ko upor ki taraf blow karti hai. Phir 7-10 din ke pani me floc ki matra ko check karke fish choda jata hai phir aur pani dali jati hai. Iss process me airway pipes (air blower) ki aham bhumika hoti hai isske jariye fish ki mal, feed ko phir se floc banaya jata hai phir fish usko kha leti hai.  Iss system aapko koi bhi filter lagane ki jarurat nahi ya air blower ko chalane ke liye aapko electricity chahiye din me kam se kham 12-13 ghanta. Iski setup karne ke liye aap jis capacity ke tank lagayenge us hisab se kharcha hoga. Agar aap 20,000 L ke tank ka use karenge to accha rahega. Ye aap ke upor hai aap kitni tanki lagate hai. Aap apni punji ke hisab se shuru kar sakte hai phir bhi mere khyal se 2 se 3 lakh lagenge. Aap kitni tank lagayenge iss hisab se kharcha ayega. Iss system se aap sal me 3 se 4 bar fish farming kar sakte hai. 20000 L capacity ke tanki me aap 3:1 ke ratio se fish seed ya chara dal sakte ho. Aap fish species ke hisab se tanki me seeds (choti machhli) dale. Iss system se aap ek sal 3-4 bar fish farming kar sakte ho matlab har 3 mahine me aapke fish ready ho jayenge market me jane ke liye.

Fish farming ko badawa dene ke liye Government ki taraf se training di jati hai ya workshops chalaya jata hai. To agar aap ko interest hai to aap bhi training lekar Biofloc technology jariye fish farming karke iss business se achha kama sakte ho.


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